top of page

First Aid

Ensure you do not put yourself in danger. Talk, look at and listen to the casualty.
Remain calm and check that: 

a) the casualty can breathe freely
b) there is no severe bleeding
c) the casualty is conscious 

 

Send for help as soon as possible

Send for a doctor or dial 911

Give your name and full address – and the exact location of the accident, number of casualties, types of injuries etc.

Breathing – SEND FOR HELP
If the casualty is breathing easily they may feel more comfortable lying flat or supported, use discretion.
 

Chest injuries: lay on the side of the injury
Unconscious: turn the casualty into the recovery position and ensure the tongue can be seen

 

Beware of suspected fractures of the spine, in which case, support the jaw with the head turned to one side. DO NOT MOVE.


Bleeding – SEND FOR HELP
 

Deep wounds: cover with a pad and bandage firmly
Small cuts and grazes: can be dealt with later 
Wounds with glass or foreign body: DO NOT remove the foreign body. Cover around the wound and leave protruding. Raise the limb.


If the wound is on the trunk of the body, lay the casualty on the side of the injury. Any severed parts should accompany the casualty to the hospital.


Fractures – SEND FOR HELP


Make the casualty as comfortable as possible
DO NOT attempt to straighten the limbs
DO NOT move if suspected fracture of the spine
Cover the wound with a light dressing where there are bones protruding

Electrical shocks – SEND FOR HELP
 

SWITCH OFF THE POWER
Check to ensure the casualty is breathing and 

loosen clothing at the neck and waist.
If not breathing, start artificial respiration.


Burns and scalds –SEND FOR HELP
 

Apply cold water for 10 minutes.
If water not available, cover the burn or scald 
with a clean dressing,

or dry cloth.
DO NOT BURST THE BLISTERS.

 

Poisoning – SEND FOR HELP
 

Do not make the casualty vomit. Loosen all clothing at

the neck and waist.
If patient is conscious give plenty of water or milk to drink.

Keep casualty calm and talk to them.
 

Gas and fumes – SEND FOR HELP
 

Open doors and windows.
Remove from, or turn off the source.
Move the casualty from the immediate area, to fresh air.
Check airway, make sure the tongue can be seen.
Loosen clothing at the neck and waist.
Commence artificial respiration if the casualty is not breathing.

 

Fits – SEND FOR HELP
 

Move objects away from the casualty where possible.
Loosen clothing at the neck and waist. DO NOT RESTRAIN.
Stay with casualty. Reassure on recovery.

 

Asphyxiation – SEND FOR HELP
 

Remove the cause, if round the neck.
Clear the airway. Give artificial respiration if casualty

is not breathing.
When casualty is breathing normally, place in the

recovery position with the head to one side.
 

Do not put yourself in danger – send for help as soon as you can

FirstAid1.jpg
FirstAid2.jpg
FirstAid3.jpg
FirstAid4.jpg
FirstAid5.jpg
FirstAid6.jpg
FirstAid4.jpg
FirstAid5.jpg
FirstAid4.jpg
FirstAid5.jpg
FirstAid7.jpg
FirstAid4.jpg
FirstAid4.jpg
FirstAid5.jpg
FirstAid5.jpg
FirstAid6.jpg
bottom of page